Committee of the Regions

In brief

  • Role: consultative body that represents the regional and local authorities of the Member States
  • Term: 5 years
  • Composition: 350 members representing the local and regional authorities
  • President: Markku Markkula (Finnish, European People's Party)
  • Place of meeting: Brussels
  • Address:
    Rue Belliard 99-101
    B-1040 Brussels
    Tel: +32 (0) 2 282 2211
    Fax: +32 (0) 2 282 2325
  • Website: www.cor.europa.euExternal link

The Committee of the Regions, founded in March 1994 by the Treaty of Maastricht, is a consultative body made up of representatives from the regional and local authorities of the Member States.


Role

The Committee of the Regions takes part in the European decision-making process.

The treaty  provides for compulsory consultation of the Committee of the Regions by the Council and the Commission in a large number of areas relating to regional interests, such as: economic and social cohesion, employment, social policy, transport, energy, education and youth, telecommunications, vocational training, culture, the environment and public health.

The Committee of the Regions may also provide advice on its own initiative.


Composition

The Committee of the Regions is made up of 350 representatives from the local and regional authorities. They are appointed for five years by the Council, on the proposal of the Member States, but they act with complete political independence.

Plenary sessions are held up to six times a year. The Committee of the Regions’ work is carried out by six specialised commissions who prepare the plenary sessions.

The President of the Committee of the Regions is appointed by the members of the Committee of the Regions for a two-and-half-year term.

The current President is Markku Markkula.


Place of meeting

The Committee of the Regions has its seat in Brussels.