The CAP in relation to the environment, the climate and the energy
The Common Agricultural Policy lies at a crossroads. Although its initial objectives remain topical, it must adapt to the increasingly volatile prices of raw materials and focus on the market. Also, in an increasingly competitive international context, it must comply with the high demands of European consumers as much in terms of quality as compliance with high standards (animal welfare and environment in particular).
Another challenge is the fact that, in order to feed more than 9 billion individuals by 2050, the agriculture of the future must increase production within a context of increasingly scarce resources (land, water, etc.).
Finally, agriculture will also have to adapt to climate change. To that end, the implementation of our climate objectives, necessary for complying with the European Union's undertaking in the frame of the 2015 Paris Agreement, will constitute a major challenge: how to respect our international undertakings and adapt our environmental policy without harming our competitiveness. Also, in the field of the environment, we have to combat the effects of climate change on the conservation of species, biodiversity and nature.
Taking into account its size, its population and its prosperity, the European Union forms the appropriate framework for further developing the energy transition that has been launched in several Member States as a mid term (2030) and long term (2050) objective. In conjunction with the ambition of fighting climate change, the transition aims to ensure a secure, affordable and sustainable supply, in particular by enhancing innovation in the EU and by making full use of the energy efficiency potential, inter alia in the sectors of construction, transport or industry.
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