Financing subsidies by indirect cooperation (NGA)
Financing and monitoring development initiatives by Belgian non-governmental actors fall under the remit of the DGD. The organisation of non-governmental cooperation has been based on the following principles since 1997:
- a programme approach relying on a medium-term vision of development;
- a broad right to take initiatives in choosing the partners who will receive aid and the strategies to be implemented;
- full responsibility for attaining the objectives set and for the financial resources provided.
The Belgian state negotiates framework agreements with non-governmental cooperation actors and these agreements set out the objectives of the initiatives and how they are implemented.
Indirect cooperation currently concerns:
- the recognized Belgian non-governmental organisations
- the Association for the Promotion of Education and Training Abroad (APEFE) and the Flemish Society for Development Cooperation and Technical Assistance (VVOB)
- the Inter-University Council of the French Community (CIUF) and the Flemish Inter-University Council (VLIR)
- the Antwerp Institute of Tropical Medicine
- the Tervueren Royal Museum of Central Africa
- the Royal Belgian Institute and Museum of Natural Sciences
- the three main Belgian trade union organisations
- the Union of Walloon Cities and Municipalities
- the Association of the City and the Municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region
- the Union of Flemish Cities and Municipalities
- migrants’ associations
- clubs and shelters for students from developing countries staying in Belgium
For 10 months, the Belgian government, as well as the federations of non-governmental development organisations, have conducted a dialogue campaign, aiming at improving non-governmental cooperation and at increasing the coherence of non-governmental politics for development, but also the amount and quality of aid. This has led to a new agreement between NGOs and the government, who both engaged in improving aid’s efficiency. Among the most significant results, the number of countries where NGOs intervene has reduced and the government’s willingness to work for a total cancellation of the lest developed countries’ debts can be noticed.