The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)


At the end of September 2015, all United Nations member states set 17 ambitious targets (or SDGs) to improve the world by 2030. The first 15 goals correspond with the three pillars of sustainable development: people (social), planet (ecological) and prosperity (economic). The last two goals create the indispensable framework: peace (SDG16 – peace and security) and partnership (SDG17). An initial introduction.

SDG 1 

Today, many people in developing countries have to make do with less than 1.25 USD a day. The intention is to halve poverty in national terms by 2030. Ultimately, poverty must be eradicated.


SDG 2 

Everyone has access to affordable food. New agricultural techniques mean healthy and qualitative food can be sustainably grown and farmed. This guarantees food security for everyone.


SDG 3 

Infant and maternal mortality must be reduced. The same goes for alcohol and drug abuse. Information about infectious diseases is required to prevent their spread. The UN wishes to draw more attention to mental illness as well as calling for fewer road casualties.



Boys and girls are free to go to primary and secondary school. They also have the opportunity to go to college or university. Everyone should have access to technical, vocational or university education, regardless of their gender or ethnicity.


SDG 5 

We have to do away with gender inequality: the glass ceiling, the pay gap and gender violence. Like men, women are entitled to good health and knowledge about sexuality and reproduction.


SDG 6 

Everyone has the right to safe drinking water and sanitation. Water quality will be improved, including through reducing pollution, stopping the dumping of chemicals and by halving the amount of waste water. Water scarcity must be addressed.



Energy must be produced and used more efficiently. Everyone has access to modern, affordable and sustainable energy. Renewable sources are becoming increasingly important.


SDG 8 

The least developed countries in particular are in need of economic growth. Safe working conditions, decent work for men, women and young people and protection of labour rights can contribute to this. The UN aims to eradicate slavery, forced labour and child labour. Economic growth must under no circumstances harm the environment.


SDG 9 

A strong economy and social welfare are founded on sound, sustainable infrastructure. Innovative industry and Internet for everyone are also vital.


SDG 10 

Inequality – both between different countries and within those countries – must be addressed. Low wages, for example, can grow faster and developing countries must have a greater say in the decision-making process for international financial and economic institutions.


SDG 11 

The housing of the future must be adapted to a growing population. This must be combined with safe, clean and sustainable building. Residential areas will have more greenery and nature. Good public transport provides an answer to traffic pollution.


SDG 12 

Our consumer society produces a lot of waste. We must sustainably manage raw materials and use them efficiently. Citizens all over the world must be reminded of the advantages of a more environmentally-friendly lifestyle. Food waste must be limited and we must produce less waste in general.


SDG 13 

Climate action is affecting every country on every continent. Policy-makers must therefore take measures and citizens must become aware of the ways in which they can adapt to climate change. The UN wants to ensure that vulnerable nations are more resilient when it comes to natural disasters.


SDG 14 

The seas and oceans are at risk and must be protected. Overfishing, waste and illegal fishing are at odds with a sustainable policy. The subsidies for such practices will be phased out.


SDG 15 

Ecosystems on land such as forests, marshes and mountain ranges must be protected. The conservation of our biodiversity is a priority. Degraded nature areas must be restored.


SDG 16 

Peace, security and legal certainty are vital factors that contribute to a better world. The protection of children against abuse or ill treatment and the fight against corruption are also an aspect of this. People are entitled to competent and fair government on all levels.


SDG 17 

The UN expects greater cooperation: between companies, governments, citizens and organisations, as well as between all the players among themselves. Technology, sharing knowledge, trade, finance and data are all vital. Cooperation is the key to further sustainable growth.

Eight questions about the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

HLPF / First Belgian Voluntary National Review

The achievement of the objectives is monitored annually at the “High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development” (HLPF) in New York. The FPS Foreign Affairs plays a coordinating role in Belgium's participation in this annual "high mass" on sustainable development.

At the HLPF in 2017, Belgium presented its own first Voluntary National Review. The report is the result of an intensive and inclusive process, involving the federal government, the federal states and a large number of civil society organisations.


Discover all the SDGs and targets at