Archive: the Millennium Development Goals
In September 2000, heads of state and government leaders adopted the Millennium Declaration. This declaration sets out the international community’s ambitions at the dawn of the third millennium. The declaration serves as a starting point for choosing eight development goals and twenty-one targets which have increasingly become points of reference for national and international development efforts.
1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
- Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
2. Achieve universal primary education
- Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling
3. Promote gender equality and empower women
- Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
4. Reduce child mortality
- Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
5. Improve maternal health
- Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
- Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
7. Ensure environmental sustainability
- Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
- Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water
- Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
8. Develop a global partnership for development
- Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory. Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction-nationally and internationally
- Address the least developed countries' special needs. This includes tariff- and quota-free access for their exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction
- Address the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States
- Deal comprehensively with developing countries' debt problems through national and international measures to make debt sustainable in the long term
- In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decent and productive work for youth
- In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
- In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies-especially information and communications technologies
More information on www.un.org/millenniumgoals.
The reporting on the MDGs since 2011 is part of the Annual Report of the DGD. To view, click here.
A new meeting is planned in New York in 2013 to assess the state of affairs two years before 2015, the date that was proposed for achieving the objectives in 2000. It is already clear that some objectives (including those related to poverty reduction) will indeed be achieved, but that other specific objectives (such as those related to health) will not be achieved by the proposed deadline. In the meantime, serious consideration is being given to the development framework post-2015.
The new framework will most likely consist of a continuation of a number of the existing objectives (addressing unfinished business), but also several additional undertakings, which have not been given adequate attention in the past. There will be considerable pressure for more attention to qualitative aspects and the distribution of the key areas of action.
The post 2015 framework must also allow room for following up the Rio+20 conference. This includes, among other things, determining specific objectives for sustainable development. Therefore, the ambition after 2015 is to arrive to a single global development agenda, which would apply to all countries and that includes the poverty issue as well as the search for sustainable development models.
Belgium endorses these ambitions and particularly wishes to focus on reducing global inequality.
Deadline 2015, an information website dedicated to the Millennium Development Goals
Is the world on target to achieve the eight development goals set by the United Nations? Will we succeed in halving the number of people living in extreme poverty by 2015? Will all the world's children have access to primary education? Is there a vaccine against malaria? People concerned about the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals can now consult the information website www.deadline2015.be, designed by the IPS News agency in Belgium.
Deadline 2015 contains a series of articles and opinions. Thanks to the international Inter Press Service (IPS) agency and its network of 350 correspondents in more than 150 countries, Deadline 2015 can highlight these themes and use the articles produced by local journalists to offer a different perspective on the issues faced by the South.
- Belgium and the Millennium Development Goals (PDF, 45.81 KB) (2010)
- Dimension 3: special about the MDGs (PDF, 4.27 MB)
- Website: www.un.org/millenniumgoals
- United Nation’s MGD annual reports
- The Cube