Climate change

 

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change aims to stabilise the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that avoids any interference with the climate. To do this, directives are developed that take into account the expectations of future generations and the needs of developing countries so as to reduce the level of these greenhouse gases to a level that avoids climate change. At the same time, Parties to the Convention are committed to assisting the most vulnerable countries in the South to adapt to the consequences of climate change. The DGD has contributed to the Convention’s Secretariat since 2002. As a result of the entry into force of the protocol between the federal government and the regional and community governments in 2002, the DGD contributes 30% of the compulsory contributions to the Convention’s Secretariat, approximately EUR 77,000. The impact of the Protocol’s entry into force on the budget applied as of 2006.

Since 2008, the fight against climate change in the South has been explicitly included in the various policy memorandums of the Minister for Development Cooperation. In recent years, the DGD has developed several trains of thought on integrating climate change in the various channels for development cooperation (bilateral, multilateral and indirect) and for the different phases of development agreements (policy level, identification, formulation, monitoring and assessment). The KLIMOS research platform was set up in 2010 to contribute, via strategic policy-supporting research, to increasing the capacity of Belgium and its partners’ development cooperation in the south in terms of climate change, climate mitigation and climate change adaptation (see www.biw.kuleuven.be/lbh/lbnl/forecoman/klimos/klimosfrontpage.html).

UN meetings in Copenhagen and Cancun, a significant amount of the DGD’s budget is allocated to climate finance (EUR 30 million in 2013). The DGD mainly contributes to the Global Environment Facility’s climate funds, the Least Developed Countries Fund and the Special Climate Change Fund. In 2013, a contribution was also made to a special adaptation programme for small farmers organised by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).