General overview + methodology
Humanitarian aid differs from the other types of aid that Belgium provides to developing countries. It has a clearly defined mandate: to save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain human dignity.
Belgium's humanitarian aid strategy results from an inspired approach to humanitarian law, principles and good practice for humanitarian aid ("Good Humanitarian Donorship") and the European Union (EU) Consensus on humanitarian aid. Belgian humanitarian aid is therefore in line with the principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence. The principle of humanity involves taking initiatives to combat human suffering, regardless of the region involved, paying particular attention to the most vulnerable individuals. The dignity of all victims must be respected and protected. The principle of impartiality means that humanitarian aid can only be provided in accordance with requirements, with no discrimination between or within the ethnic groups affected. Neutrality means that no party involved in armed or unarmed conflict may receive preferential treatment in the context of humanitarian aid. Independence means that the bodies involved in humanitarian aid are not bound by any other political decisions and actions taken by the donors in the field.
Belgium's humanitarian efforts primarily involve support for international and civil partner organisations with proven expertise and ability to achieve; they must also be prepared to demonstrate transparency in their reports. In concrete terms, we support international and civil partner organisations, whilst helping to systematically strengthen the collective international avenues for humanitarian intervention.