Country profile HDI (UNDP): http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/MAR
The Kingdom of Morocco is an important partner of the Belgian Development Cooperation. Cooperation happens via various channels, the first two being the most important: (1) governmental cooperation, (2) non-governmental cooperation, (3) multi-lateral cooperation and (4) a support to the private sector.
1. Governmental Cooperation
Morocco was amongst the first partners of the Belgian bilateral cooperation, with the signature of a general convention on technical cooperation in 1965. Since then, this collaboration has played a central role in further development programmes and policies in Morocco. Two cooperation programmes are currently in progress : the Cooperation programme 2010-2013 which targets the traditional sectors of agriculture and water, and the Cooperation programme 2016-2020.
This new programme embodies the Belgian strategy regarding middle-income countries. From now on, the added value of Belgian development cooperation will rather lie with what is commonly associated as soft aspects of cooperation. The new programme privileges reinforcing capacities and the transfer of knowledge and technologies on programmes and sectorial investment projects. It combines the strategic objectives identified by our Minister in development cooperation (digitalisation, sustainable and inclusive economic growth, human rights based approach) and those of our Moroccan partners (Women and Children’s rights, Migration). More specifically, four big programmes are planned: (i) a programme promoting the protection of women’s and children’s rights, (ii) a support programme to the management of the migration theme, (iii) a support programme to the development of entrepreneurship focusing on women and youth, and (iv) a programme to strengthen the skills of managerial staff in the civil service at the central and local level.
Next to its own programmes, Belgium also supports the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in the framework of its passive delegated cooperation.
2. Non-Governmental Cooperation
Eleven organisations of the non-governmental cooperation are active in Morocco, and their interventions are implemented through various channels: NGOs, trade union cooperation, academic cooperation, municipal cooperation. The principal themes concern the strengthening of networks acting for social change, the municipal social action, or the rights of women and children.
3. Multilateral Cooperation
As a general trend, contributions to multilateral cooperation in favour of a specific country or region have decreased since 2009. Such is the case in Morocco, where recent expenses concerning the costs of the Junior Programme Officers and volunteers of the United Nations have been affected.
4. Support to the private sector
This support is materialised by BIO, the Belgian company for investments in developing countries. They intervene on a wide range of projects, whether it concerns development, investment or expertise funds.