Human Development Index ranking (2013): 167/187 countries
Life expectancy at birth: 55.7 years
Country profile HDI (UNDP): http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/RWA
The Republic of Rwanda is for Belgium the second partner country receiving its official development assistance. The evolution of the figures of the Belgian official development assistance for countries confirmes this fact: Belgium’s public development aid in Rwanda has grown steadily since the resumption of our cooperation after years of blocking due to genocide. It rose from € 15.3 million in 2004 to an average between 46 and 57 million euros per year since 2008.
Bilateral cooperation is by far the most important channel for our cooperation. The expenses of the direct bilateral cooperation in Rwanda amounted € 32.1 million in 2008, € 42.6 million in 2010 and € 44.9 million in 2011.
The resumption of governmental cooperation dates back to 2004 with the signing of a General Convention and an Indicative Cooperation Programme (ICP) 2004-2006 (75 million €), with rural development, health and good governance as key sectors. May 19, 2011, a Joint Commission of Rwanda-Belgium Cooperation agreed on a new Indicative Cooperation Programme for 2011-2014 for € 160 million (€ 40 million on average per year) with the possibility of reinforcement (incentive tranche of an additional € 40 million €) from September 2013, if concrete progress in the field of democratic governance and openness of society (media) are found.
The main features of this new ICP 2011-2014 are: the focus on access to energy and its production (renewable energy: geothermal), development priority in Rwanda, ownership of development interventions, emphasis on capacity building, the promotion and integration of equal opportunities between men and women and finally, governance and justice through delegated cooperation.
The main sectors targeted by the current programs out current IPC are: access to electricity in rural areas through renewable energy, hydropower, reforestation (energy), access to drinking water, health support, support vocational training, support for agricultural training and seed production.
The past four years, spending on non-governmental cooperation in Rwanda decreased slightly from € 6.5 million in 2009 to € 5.8 million in 2011. Belgian non-governmental cooperation in Rwanda works through several channels: Belgian NGOs (€ 2.8 million in 2012), local NGOs (€ 0.5 million in 2011), the academic and scientific cooperation and other specialized organisations.
Among the NGOs active in Rwanda in 2013 we can mention:
- Protestant Solidarity (fight against AIDS)
- Belgian Red Cross (protection of vulnerable children and disaster risk reduction)
- ADA (capacity production strengthening and structuring into cooperatives)
Via the Belgian Fund for Food Security, Belgian Cooperation is funding two projects to improve food security in Rwanda. The projects are implemented by NGOs (AQUADEV and Caritas) for a total of € 5,205,069 million.
Humanitarian operations in Rwanda are funded through different budget lines from development cooperation and preventive diplomacy. The financing was EUR 1.15 million in 2010 and EUR 0.98 million in 2011. Humanitarian assistance is implemented through different channels (multilateral organizations and NGOs). In addition, since 2009, international humanitarian agencies (UNHCR, OCHA, etc.) receive their contributions to general resources but also to flexible funds as the "Central Emergency Response Fund" (CERF). These contributions, which benefit indirectly to Rwanda are universally allocated and it is impossible to estimate the exact amount received by each recipient.
Since corruption is an obstacle to development, Belgium decided in 2010 to fund, via Transparency International’s project “The basic allowance "transition", which aims to establish Centres of Legal Assistance and Citizen Action, relying on local actors. Belgium supports the strengthening of a center in Kigali and the creation of two local centers. These centers provide legal support to victims and witnesses of corruption.
- Indicative Cooperation Programme 2011-2014 (PDF, 450.93 KB)
- Belgian Official Development Assistance (ODA) (PDF, 23.35 KB)