Human Development Index ranking (2013): 154/187 countries
Life expectancy at birth: 59.6 years
Country profile HDI (UNDP): http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/SEN
Since its independence in 1960, Senegal is a stable democratic republic which has had three democratically elected presidents. Cooperation between Belgium and Senegal started on 1 July 1968. The annual growth rate is between 2 and 5% (3.9% in 2012) which is still insufficient to drastically reduce poverty and to compensate for population growth. Senegal adopted in 2005 an Accelerated Growth Strategy (SCA) with the aim to make Senegal an emerging country reaching a growth of 7 to 8%. These objectives have unfortunately never been achieved. Despite the increase in government revenue in recent years, they remain insufficient to meet the expenses. Almost half (46.7%) of the population lives below the national poverty line (World Bank, 2011) and 20% of the population lives in a situation of food insecurity.
The so called “peanut basin” region (Kaolack, Kaffrine Diourbel and Fatick), where the Belgian Cooperation concentrates its activities, is one of the most affected by poverty. Since 2009, the Belgian Cooperation is also active in the adjacent region of Thies. Belgium and Senegal signed an Indicative Cooperation Programme for an amount of EUR 52.5 million for the period 2010-2013. In alignment with the priorities defined by the Government of Senegal, the country focuses its assistance on two priority areas: hydraulics and rural sanitation and health care. Cross-cutting themes in which the Belgian cooperation is involved in Senegal are gender, child rights and environment / climate change.
Water and sanitation
Senegal has developed a programme for drinking water and sanitation, the Programme national Eau Potable et Assainissement pour le Millénaire (PEPAM – National Drinking Water and Sanitation Programme for the Millennium). The aim is to achieve a drinking water coverage rate of 82% in rural areas and 64% for sanitation by 2015. (Our work in Senegal’s peanut basin ties in with this. Belgium aims the quantitative and qualitative improvement of drinking water and sanitation services provided to rural populations in a sustainable manner and in an integrated approach to water resources management. In addition, our program also includes the implementation of retention ponds and wells to increase production (forestry, agriculture and livestock).
Since 1975, Belgium supports the basic health sector in Senegal. The Belgo-Senegalese health programme, which affects the rural population of 5 regions of concentration, has three complementary components: support to the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare’s health governance; support for care to ensure quality services and support by professionalizing the health coverage so that the population has equal access to these services.
Belgium contributes to a program fighting against climate change implemented by the UNDP, in the Fatick region. It also contributes to a training and employability programme implemented by Luxembourg Cooperation. Moreover, it provides scholarships to strengthen the capacity of Senegalese partner institutions.
- Indicative Cooperation Programme 2010-2013 (PDF, 485.65 KB)
- Belgian Official Development Assistance (ODA) (PDF, 23.33 KB)