Human Development Index ranking (2013): 152/187 countries
Life expectancy at birth: 58.9 years
Country profile HDI (UNDP): http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/TZA
Tanzania is Belgium’s 11th partner in terms of public development aid. The evolution of the aid’s volume over the past four years (€ 12.80 million in 2008, € 14.85 million in 2009 to € 18.17 million in 2010 and 17.20 million euros in 2011) shows an increasing trend.
The first Joint Commission between Belgium and Tanzania was held in October 2002. An indicative program of cooperation in five areas was then defined with an indicative budget of EUR 40 million. This program was originally planned for the period 2003-2007, but it was eventually extended until 2009 due to a delay in execution.
The current (second) Indicative Cooperation Programme for 2010-2013 was approved at a Joint Commission held in Dar Es Salaam October 26, 2009 for an amount of EUR 60 million.
There are two areas of concentration: decentralization for 32 million euros (53% of total ICP) and the management of natural resources for 13 million euros (22% of total ICP).
Belgium contributes through sectorial budget support to the "Local Governement Development Grant" for an amount of 27 million euros. Belgium participates in the political dialogue as co-chair with Sweden at the "Local Governement Development Group." A bilateral operational program to support the efficient execution of public contracts executed locally up to five million euros..
Natural resource management
There are three components in the area of natural resource management. The first provides for the continuation of our involvement in the "Management Program Kilombero Ramsar Site" (Nature Management) to the tune of 4 million euros, the second defines a consolidation phase for a beekeeping project up to 3 million euros, and the third component is to support a program focused on the development of natural resource management through participation in policy dialogue and technical assistance to the Tanzanian Ministry of Natural Resources.
A scholarship program with the amount of six million euros (focusing on priority areas) is implemented, while the Study and Expertise Fund for its part involved with a contribution of € 3 million.
Expenditure on non-governmental cooperation in Tanzania amounted to €2.05 million in 2009, €1.53 million in 2010 and €1.96 million in 2011. Non-governmental cooperation with Tanzania is provided by NGOs, universities and scientific institutes. In 2013, eight indirect partners were active in Tanzania at the initiative of Belgium. These included six Belgian development NGOs (TRIAS, VECO, OXFAM Magasins du Monde, DMOS-COMIDE via Don Bosco, CARAES and Light for the World), one university (the VLIR, Flemish universities) and one scientific institute (the Institut de Médecine Tropicale). 2012 saw the end of an agricultural study project carried out by the Musée d’Afrique Centrale in collaboration with Sokoine University of Agriculture.
These NGOs work primarily in the geographical areas and in the following three sectors:
- agriculture/food security sector: TRIAS, present principally in the following districts: Monduli, Longido (Arusha region), Babati (Manyara region) and Mufundi (Iringa region); VECO, present principally in the Manyara region and Oxfam Magasins du Monde, present throughout the country.
- public health sector: CARAES is present in psychiatric health centres in Marumba, Kigoma and Kasaka (Western Tanzania) and Light for the World.
- education sector: firstly, professional training through DMOS-COMIDE in the Dar Es Salaam, Dodoma and Iringa regions, and secondly professional research training through university collaboration (VLIR) in the areas of the environment and the sustainable management of natural resources.
Two joint projects (via TRIAS and VECO) are financed with the indicative cooperation programme. They are both in the natural resource management sector and have a link to the promotion of local government.
Both projects target the sustainable management of the environment and increased income for the local population.
The Belgian Fund for Food Security currently finances seven projects to improve food security in Tanzania. They are implemented by two NGOs (Iles de Paix and TRIAS), Belgian Technical Cooperation (BTC) and a multilateral organisation (FIDA) and amount to a total of €12.47 million.
The Fund has also developed a five-year programme, launched in early 2014, with a budget of approximately €9 million. The areas of action are in the districts of Longido and Simanjiro, both located in the north-east of the country.
- Indicative Cooperation Programme 2010-2013 (PDF, 2.06 MB)
- Belgian Official Development Assistance (ODA) (PDF, 23.23 KB)