Human Development Index (2013): 161/187 countries
Life expectancy at birth: 54.5 years
Country profile HDI (UNDP): http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/UGA
Uganda suffered decades of political troubles until the 1990s. Since then, this country has made great efforts to preserve political stability, peace and an annual economic growth of around 8%. In 2011-2013, it will post a growth of approximately 4%.
The first general cooperation treaty was signed by the two governments on 1 February 2005. The first Indicative Cooperation Programme (ICP) ran from 2005 to 2008, the second from 2009 to 2012 and the new ICP was signed on 5 April 2012 by the Minister of Finance, Mrs Maria Kiwanuka and Mr Peter Moors, Director of DGD.
The cooperation programmes contribute to the PEAP (Poverty Eradication Action Plan, 2004-09), the NDP (National Development Plan 2010-2015) and to achieving the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) of Uganda.
1. The projects and programmes of the Bilateral Belgian Cooperation are implemented by the Belgian Technical Cooperation (BTC). According to the Declaration of Paris (DP) and the division of labour of the cooperation in Uganda (DoL), the Belgian-Ugandan programme focuses on secondary technical and professional education and on primary healthcare. The total budget (2009-2016) amounts to 138 million euros (64 + 64 + 10), a large part of which is provided in the form of budget support (32 million euros for the healthcare sector, 26 million euros for education and an incentive band of 10 million euros.
Several projects complete the budget support: (1) Institutional Capacity Building in the Health Sector - currently underway - 6.5m euros (with a cooperation delegated to AIDS/Sweden), (2) teacher training - currently underway - 17.5 million euros, (3) technical and professional education - 8 million euros and (4) the PNFP sub-health sector - 8 million euros. A delegated cooperation - 3 million euros - is envisaged in the environment sector. The FAO will probably be the executor of this. An increase of 3 million euros in the budget for the current Study & Consultancy Fund will be implemented via an “exchange of letters”.
In addition to the activities mentioned in the two focal sectors, other projects are also currently being carried out:
- A delegated cooperation of 3 million euros with Danida/Denmark in the agro-industrial sector (U-growth/aBI, 2011-2013);
- The programme of educational grants for 2013-14 with a budget of 2 million euros: Belgium manages the biggest programme of local grants in the country;
- Kasese Rural Integrated Development Programme (2001-13): This district located in the West of the country received a budget of 5.87 million euros during its first phase (2001-08). The new and final phase of 4 million euros started at the end of 2008;
- Clean Development Mechanism Capacity Development Project of 2 million euros, (2011-13): this project comes under the “Climate Change Unit” of the Ministry of Water and Environment and receives technical aid from the Belgian Federal Public Service Environment.
2. The Belgian Fund for Food Security (formerly Belgian Survival Fund) focuses on improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa. It can carry out its campaigns via the CTB, multilateral partners (FIDA, UNICEF, FAO, FENU) and 15 Belgian NGOs in order to implement multi-sector projects. For the moment, the three projects in Uganda (UNICEF, TRIAS, VECO) are almost finished. New projects will only be possible once Uganda is included on the list of countries that qualify as beneficiaries of this programme.
3. Belgian NGOs such as TRIAS, VECO, PROTOS, Broederlijk Delen, Vétérinaires sans Frontières work together with local partners on rural development, water supply, healthcare and training projects in Hoima, Kibaale, Kyenjojo, Masaka, Mbarara, Karamoja and at a national level. Enfance Tiers Monde operates in Kampala/Makindye and tries to reintegrate street children and children at risk into society. Rode Kruis-Vlaanderen implements first aid strategies in the Mbarara region and organises courses for young people in Uganda and Belgium. The annual amount of Belgian co-financing of Belgian NGOs working in Uganda amounts to over 2 million euros.
4. The Institute of Tropical Medicine of Antwerp cooperates with Makerere University, the Institute of Public Health in the healthcare sector as well as with other private universities in the country. VLIR operates in the fish farming sector, the M&E and plans to implement its first integrated development programme in Uganda in 2012. The identification of this programme is currently underway. UA, UG and KUL and Flemish universities are present in the healthcare and productive sector (agriculture). Belgian municipalities and the Flemish Region finance ad-hoc activities.
5. Humanitarian aid is provided via UN programmes. The average annual Belgian contribution amounts to 1.2 million euros but this is being reduced given the need in Uganda for structural support.
The total Belgian contribution to PDA in Uganda was 11.5 million euros per year (average between 2005 and 2008), and it increased to 15.5 million euros in 2009 and 21.2 million euros in 2010. In 2011 (and probably 2012 as well) contributions started decreasing again to 10.4 million euros.
- Indicative Cooperation Programme 2012-2016 (PDF, 207.15 KB)
- Belgian Official Development Assistance (ODA) (PDF, 23.25 KB)