Belgium is part of the Global Partnership (GP) that agreed on a number of common principles and objectives for development cooperation along with a diverse group of development assistance players, public and private players, representatives of civil society, parliamentary and local and regional organisations at the meeting in Busan. The Global Partnership builds on the aid effectiveness agenda of the Paris (2005) and Accra (2008) Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. Belgium supports the GP using the following four approaches:
Addressing development results and transparency
Busan calls on us to be transparent donors. Therefore, Belgium makes data and reports more accessible via the website, but also ensures that developing countries are able to obtain the necessary information so that they can take into account incoming aid as effectively as possible in their own management processes and monitoring and assessment systems.
Together with other donors work is being done, through the European Joint Programming Initiative with the developing country concerned, on better joint sector planning in accordance with the developing country’s budget processes.
The implementation of Busan will be followed up with a monitoring exercise that takes place in the developing countries (see Guide global Monitoring framework)
Coordinated use and improvement of systems in developing countries
Besides reinforcing the systems for public finance in developing countries, Busan also focuses on the follow up, evaluation and statistical systems and their coordinated use by the donors and on parliaments and other institutions such as the media that instigate local accountability. Strong institutions and systems are not only good for the proper management of official development aid (ODA), but also of all other financial flows, so those involving own resources as well as external ones. The impact of climate finance on the use of country systems is a major point of concern in this respect.
Busan also devotes attention to a differentiated approach, such as implementation in countries in fragile situations. It is in aid-dependent countries with the greatest development challenges that Belgian development cooperation can really make a difference.
Cooperation with the private sector
The HLF4 in Busan recognises the key role for the private sector in promoting innovation, creating well-being, employment and mobilising domestic resources that in turn contribute to poverty reduction.
The forms of cooperation that can be developed serve to create value for the local private sector and for society as a whole. Donors can support local consultation between partner countries and the private sector to elaborate national and sectoral plans and promote accountability for the economic, social and ecological results of these collaborations.
Intensifying cooperation with civil society
In Busan, the importance and the role of players in civil society in the development landscape was explicitly recognised. This is a great victory for non-governmental players (NGP). This recognition means that development efforts deliver the best results when people have a voice and can determine the nature of the aid that is of most use to them. It also means recognising their leaders’ and the international donor community’s accountability for the aid’s effectiveness.