ODA, DAC and the 0.7% standard
ODA, Official Development Assistance
In order to compare the assistance efforts of the various donors and monitor the fulfilment of pledges made, the concept of ODA, Official Development Assistance, was developed, whereby it is possible to discuss on an international basis what may and may not be categorized as “aid”. This standard has since been adopted internationally; its definition is managed by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the OECD.
Official development assistance covers all flows to developing countries and to multilateral organizations that satisfy the following two conditions:
- The donor is an official body, such as a local or federal government and its executive government agencies.
- The primary aim of the transaction is to further economic development and wellbeing in the developing countries, and is concessionary in nature. In the case of loans, this means that at least 25% of the sum must be a donation.
Donations and loans for military ends are excluded.
Developing countries are defined for these purposes as all countries or groups of countries that appear on the official list of the DAC.
Donor contributions to certain multilateral organisations are also considered as ODA. Annexe 2 contains the eligible multilateral institutions.
Contributions to the general resources of these organizations (“core contributions”) can wholly or in part be considered as official development assistance.
Via this link, it's possible to browse through all ODA eligible funding by DGD since 2008: projects by Enabel, programs by non-governmental organisations co-funded by DGD, contributions to international organisations, humanitarian aid, administrative expenditures…
By choosing values out of one or more menus on top of the page, the list below will be limited accordingly.
To have a more detailed look at one specific flow in particular, right click on the line in question, and choose "drill through".
Note that only disbursements by DGD are recorded here, ODA eligible financing by other Belgian public actors have not been included.
The 0.7% standard
As early as the 1970s, it was internationally accepted that the official development assistance of wealthy countries should consist of at least 0.7% of their Gross National Income (GNI).
Belgium, too, has set itself the legal requirement of meeting this standard. Due to the financial crisis and the difficult budgetary context since 2008, we didn’t succeed to reach this standard. Up to now our annual ODA/GNI-ratio remains around 0,45%.
Within the FPS Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, the 'D4.2 - Data Management and Transparency' department is responsible for the statistical monitoring of official development assistance and for the growth towards 0.7% of GNI. For additional statistics, or for information about the OECD’s DAC figures and ODA accountability, you can contact them directly, more specifically at email@example.com.
- Belgian ODA per channel (PDF, 291.55 KB) (2018-2020)
- Belgian ODA per partner country (XLSX, 95.64 KB) (2016-2019)