The International Organisation of La Francophonie (OIF)
Created in 1970 in Niamey, the International Organisation of La Francophonie today comprises 88 States, full members, associate members and observers, all of which share the French language. Belgium, as a founding member of the organisation, has two seats (Federal Belgium and Wallonia-Brussels Federation) due to the division of competences between the federal level and the level of its federated entities.
The OIF's headquarters are in Paris, but the organisation also has six regional offices and four permanent representations (to the United Nations in New York and Geneva, the European Union in Brussels and the African Union in Addis Ababa). Every two years, a Francophonie summit brings together the Heads of State and Government of the member countries to define the political direction and the broad guidelines for cooperation. The organisation is under the authority of a Secretary General for La Francophonie, appointed for a four-year term. As of 1 January 2019, the incumbent is Louise Mushikiwabo of Rwanda.
The OIF helps to promote peace, democracy, human rights, gender equality, and French in the context of multilingualism and cultural diversity. The OIF is known for its election observation missions and its annual Francophonie cultural days.
Moreover, the OIF is characterised by the diversity of its "bodies". It is therefore supported by two subsidiary bodies: the Institut de la Francophonie pour le Développement Durable (IFDD) in Quebec City and the Institut de la Francophonie pour l'Education et la Formation (IFEF) in Dakar. It also works with the four direct operators of the French-speaking world: the Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF), the Association Internationale des Maires Francophones (AIMF), the Senghor University of Alexandria and TV5 Monde. It also works via two permanent ministerial conferences - the Conference of Ministers of Education of the States and Governments of La Francophonie (CONFEMEN) and the Conference of Ministers of Youth and Sport of LA Francophonie (CONFEJES) - and the Parliamentary Assembly of La Francophonie (APF), which has consultative status.
La Francophonie also includes major international events involving member states and governments, such as the Francophonie Games. The Games arose from the desire of Heads of State and Government that share the French language to create solidarity among French-speaking youth, and offer an opportunity for encounters, enrichment and collective stimulation, both in culture and in sport. The International Games Committee was set up in 1989 by the Conference of Ministers of Youth and Sport and has been a subsidiary body of the OIF since 2006.
Current strategic framework:
Programming as revised at the Ministerial Conference in Monaco: