Women, Peace and Security
Wars and armed conflicts have a different impact on women and men. Women and men do not usually participate in conflict prevention and resolution in the same way. Moreover, gender-related and sexual violence in war situations predominantly affects women and the fact that women can also be directly involved as combatants is often overlooked.
Based on these observations, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1325 on 31 October 2000. With this first resolution on Women, Peace and Security and subsequent follow-up resolutions, the Security Council acknowledged the importance of the gender dimension in peace and security processes. The aim in this regard is the equal and meaningful participation of women in conflict prevention and peace and security processes and the protection of women and girls in conflict situations.
The Women, Peace and Security Agenda is a priority for Belgium. In order to bring about the concrete implementation of Resolution 1325, in 2004 the Security Council called on all Member States to draw up a National Action Plan on this issue. Belgium responded to this call and is currently implementing its Third National Action Plan.
Belgium is a member of the Group of Friends of Resolution 1325, an informal group of more than 50 States, working within the United Nations to implement Resolution 1325. Belgium is also a member of the Focal Points Network on Women, Peace, and Security. This informal network of States and regional organisations was established in 2016 with the aim of supporting each other in the implementation of the Women, Peace, and Security Agenda.
As a non-permanent member of the Security Council (2019-2020), Belgium is actively committed to the implementation and strengthening of the women, peace and security agenda. In this regard, Belgium strives to integrate this issue as concretely as possible into country-specific and regional matters on the Security Council's agenda.
Belgium supports the mandate of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict and the team of experts on the rule of law and sexual violence in conflict. This team assists States in strengthening the rule of law with a view to ensuring the criminal liability of perpetrators of conflict-related sexual violence.
Belgium actively participates in the elaboration and implementation of the EU Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security and is an active member of the EU Informal Task Force.
Within the framework of NATO, Belgium is also committed to the elaboration and implementation of the NATO policy and Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security. Belgium supports the mandate of the Special Representative of the NATO Secretary-General on Women, Peace and Security.