Aside from weapons of mass destruction, the issue of conventional weapons also requires the attention of the international community. The uncontrolled proliferation of small arms and the use of indiscriminate weapons take a heavy toll on society. Conventional weapons cause many victims. Organized crime, terrorism, child soldiers and civilian casualties during or long after conflict: all of these problems are closely connected with the use of conventional weapons.
In many countries, in particular in Africa and Central America, the use of conventional arms has a severe impact on the personal security of citizens, often the most vulnerable ones.
With this in mind, Belgium’s diplomacy endeavors to keep the issues of human security and disarmament that saves lives on top of the agenda of the main international institutions. Belgium played a pioneering role in the establishment of the Ottawa Convention on anti-personnel mines and of the Oslo Convention on cluster munitions. It is committed to the fight against illicit arms trade.
The main treaties that prohibit or restrict the use of certain categories of conventional weapons are listed below. For more background and information about Belgian policy, you can click on the links below:
- The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW)
- The Ottawa Convention on Anti-Personnel Mines (APMBC)
- The Oslo Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM)
On the following pages, you can read more about: