Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW)


The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) was adopted in 1980 and entered into force in 1983. The convention prohibits or restricts the use of certain conventional weapons which are excessively injurious or make no distinction between civilian and military targets.  

It is a framework-agreement that establishes general principles. The annexed protocols define the dispositions on particular weapons:

  • Protocol I regarding weapons with non-detectable fragments
  • Protocol II regarding landmines, booby-traps and other devices
  • Protocol III regarding incendiary weapons
  • Protocol IV regarding blinding laser weapons
  • Protocol V regarding explosive remnants of war

The growing use of artificial intelligence and of robot technology in weapon systems is also the subject of deliberations in the framework of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.

This Convention and its protocols are the origin of other initiatives in the domain of conventional weapons such as the Convention on Anti-Personnel Mines (click here for more information).